Andaman and nicobar
The Andaman & Nicobar Islands
is one of the main
union territory of India. This union territory of
andaman and nicobar islands name is often abbreviated to A
& N Islands, or ANI.
It is located in the bay of bengal.. It comprises two island
groups - the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands - which
separate the Andaman Sea to the east from the Indian Ocean.
The Andaman Islands (10º30'-14ºN; 92-93ºE) are the emerged
part of a mountain chain and lie on a ridge, which extends
southward from the Irrawaddy delta area of Burma.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (6º30'-9º30'N; 93-94ºE) are high
islands forming the southward extension of this mountain
in splendid isolation, east of the Indian mainland, is the
archipelago of 572 emerald islands, islets and rocks known as
the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This Union Territory is
spread over a distance nearly 800 Kms. from North to South
with 38 inhabited islands. A hill range extending from Burma
(Myanmar) to Indonesia, these undulating islands are covered
with dense forests and an endless variety of exotic flora
These two groups are separated by the 10° N parallel, the
Andamans lying to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars
to the south. The capital of andaman and nicobar islands
is the Andamanese island town of Port Blair.The andaman
and nicobar island's population as per the most recent (2001)
Census of India was 356,152. Added together, the total land
area of the territory is approximately 8,249 km²
& Nicobar Islands have also recently been recognized as a
world-class eco-tourist destination to discover the
under-water treasures of marine life. Andaman & Nicobar
Islands has many sandy crystal clear beaches and it’s an
eco-friendly tourist destination with all sorts of comforts
ranging from five star accommodations to cheap youth hostels.
&Nicobar Island offers beautiful island vacations and
beach tours. Each island in Andaman’s has its own uniqueness
and beauty. The beaches in Andaman’s are very clean
&crystal clear. In no place, we can find both island
vacations and beach tours in a same place.
Andaman and Nicobar islands have been inhabited for several
thousand years, at the very least. The earliest archaeological
evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years; however,
the indications from genetic, cultural and linguistic
isolation studies point to habitation going back 30,000 to
60,000 years, well into the Middle Paleolithic.
Mythologically, the name Andaman is presumed to
be derived from hanuman, the monkey god, who was known to the
malayalis as ‘handuman'. Since pre-historic times, these
islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the
Andaman group of islands were the great Andamanese, Onges,
Jarawas and Sentinalese, all of Negro origin, while the tribes
of Nicobars, the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of mongoloid
the Andaman Islands, the various Andamanese peoples maintained
their separated existence through the vast majority of this
time, diversifying into distinct linguistic, cultural and
territorial groups. By the 1850s when they first came into
sustained contact by outside groups, the indigenous peoples of
the Andamans were:
Great Andamanese, who collectively represented at least 10
distinct sub-groups and languages;
Jangil (or Rutland
Sentinelese (most isolated of all the groups).
total, these peoples numbered somewhere around 7,000 at the
time of these first encounters. As the numbers of settlers
from the mainland increased (at first mostly prisoners and
involuntary indentured labourers, later purposely recruited
farmers), these indigenous peoples lost territory and numbers
in the face of land encroachment and the effects of various
The islands provided a temporary maritime base for
ships of the Marathas in the 17th century. The legendary
privateer, admiral Kanhoji Angre harassed colonial shipping
routes with a base in the islands.
The first settlement by the british took place
in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second
settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in
1858,after the first world war of independence, followed by
the settlement of convicts, 'moplas' some tribes from central
and united provinces, refugees from erstwhile east Pakistan,
burma and srilanka as well as ex-servicemen. Generally,
Andaman is used as a prison during british period The
surrounding seas are equally rich in marine bio-diversity.
They harbour more than 1,200 species of fish, 350 species of
echinoderms, 1000 species of mollusks and many more other
forms of life, among vertebrates dugong, dolphin and whale are
common. Mahatma Gandhi Marine Natinal Park is rich in corals,
varities of colourful fishes, sea turtles, etc., besides other
marine life, andaman is also a bird's paradise.
Sandy beaches of these islands are famous for turtles nesting.
Important species of turtles that are present on these islands
include leather back turtle, green sea turtle, hawksbill
turtle and olive ridly turtle. Water monitor lizard,
salt-water crocodiles, reticulate python, etc are also seen
here. Corals and coral reefs are the most fascinating part of
marine eco-system here.
The emerald islands-andaman
and Nicobar Islands
this union territory stretches over a length of more than
700kms from north to south with 36 inhabited islands. Once a
hill range extending from burma to Indonesia, these undulating
variety of exotic flora and fauna,beautiful rain forests,clean
roads as well as unpolluted fresh air may attract any nature
lover,who seeks absolute peace and tranquility. Busty
adventure tourism like trekking, island camping, snorkeling,
diving, etc are also major attractions here.
Forests are the green gold of these islands. The reserved and
protected forests extend over 86% area of the territory and
the forest cover is more than 92%. About 50% of the forests
have been set aside as tribal reserves, Natural parks and
wildlife sanctuaries, which are inviolate. The union territory
of Andaman and Nicobar Islands consisting of about 293 islands
[39 of which are inhabited] is situated in the Bay of Bengal.
Altitude varies from sea level to 732 meters [highest
point saddle peak]
Temperature minimum 23 deg,max 30 deg
Rainfall 3000mms.[may to sept,nov to jan]
Relative humidity 70% to 90%
Forest cover 86%
Best season Oct to April
Clothing cotton throughout the year
Languages spoken Hindi, English, Tamil, Nicobari,
Telugu,Malayalam.this feauture shows the distinctive and secular aspect of andaman and nicobar islands.